Bihu is the most celebrated festival in Assam, and it is celebrated three times a year. During Bihu, women wear Mekhla Chador and perform the traditional dance called the Bihu dance. The Bihu dance is a celebration of the harvest season and is performed with great enthusiasm and energy. The Mekhla Chador worn during the Bihu dance is typically made of cotton and has a simple design, with minimal embellishments, to allow for ease of movement during the dance.
Durga Puja is another important festival in Assam, and it is celebrated with great pomp and splendor. During Durga Puja, women wear Mekhla Chador made of silk or other luxurious fabrics and adorned with intricate designs and embellishments. The Mekhla Chador worn during Durga Puja is typically more ornate and elaborate than the ones worn during Bihu, reflecting the grandeur of the festival.
Apart from traditional dances, Mekhla Chador is also an essential part of various rituals and ceremonies during Assamese festivals. For example, during the wedding ceremony, the bride wears a Mekhla Chador, which is typically made of silk and heavily embellished. The Mekhla Chador worn during the wedding ceremony is considered a symbol of the bride's purity, beauty, and grace.
In conclusion, Mekhla Chador plays a significant role in Assamese festivals, both in traditional dances and rituals. It is a symbol of the rich cultural heritage of Assam and represents the beauty, grace, and elegance of Assamese women. The Mekhla Chador is not just a piece of clothing but also an expression of cultural identity and pride. Whether it's the simplicity of the Bihu dance or the grandeur of Durga Puja, Mekhla Chador holds a special place in the hearts of Assamese people and is an integral part of their festivals and celebrations.